Tag: construction and repair

Metal Pipes

– What, you put metal pipes? Darling, you really mad? – Yes everything is normal – Plastic should be put, plate-and-a-stick! Vitaly, the piece of iron – the last century, and-at-y, wake up, the new millennium in the yard – Yeah okay whatever I say – Would be better if she was doing repairs, I swear Suspended ceilings, won without you ordered, and brought it, and made, and all neatly, and you all apartment prodymish welding, then paint the pipes, but they rust and look like black Negro feet on the toilet raskoryacheny And you're bending them as going to the radiator in the kitchen take? Huh? On his head is that it knock? Hello, man, you're listening to me or not – Irishev, calm down, do everything at its best. I put wrench, sat on the floor toilet, with pleasure stretched his stiff legs, and gasped, prepared to give a lecture "a young novice about the benefits of education." – You wonder why such a new, progressive material, as plastic, is not widely used in high-rise construction up to now? Not only in Russia, incidentally, in Germany itself – Then I made a pointedly-admired person and reproachful shake rag, which was wiping his hands – So, in Germany itself plastic pipe not more than 10% of the total number of laid pipelines. Yes, water and gas steel pipes less than life, guaranteed to 10-20 years, yes, them harder to mount

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Strengthening the Foundations

Strengthening the foundations – the most laborious process in the repair of any buildings. Selecting the way to strengthen the foundations in the first place depends on the reasons causing it. The destruction of the basement around the perimeter. With this form of destruction along the tape or on the perimeter of pier foundation digging a trench. Surface of the foundation and walls thoroughly cleaned of dirt and old plaster, and then in the design of foundations clog metal net, which, referring to a dis-tance attaches to the anchors, released from foundations and plinth of the wall. Install formwork and concreted. After curing the concrete trench to sleep with a careful layer by layer plugging.

Replacing destroyed part of the foundation. In this case, suit new and additional areas on the sides of foundation, formed in the form of masonry, stone, getting the clutch to the desired width and providing a link between old and new masonry. Foundation base is not deepened. Strengthening areas of foundations. foundations made of rubble, rubble concrete, reinforced concrete, soil-concrete and other materials satisfied with reinforced concrete broadened the clip, which closely relate to the existing masonry through anchored so as to re-made parts "worked" together with the old part of the foundation and transmit the load on the ground. Increasing the bearing capacity of the base stations. If necessary, along the weak, requiring the discharge of foundations on both sides spread a new, for which load from the overlying the building is transmitted through concrete or metal beams passing through the mounting part. Newly laid the foundations of cross-cutting anchor anchors to existing foundations for a joint "work" the old and new foundations.

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The Foundation

Should lay the foundation below the depth of soil freezing, the magnitude of which varies, usually ranging from 80 to 240 cm, depending on the region (for Moscow, for example, the figure is 140 cm). Under heavy walls (stone, brick, concrete, etc.) put tape foundations around the perimeter of the exterior and interior walls. Under the wooden walls as well as deep freezing and heaving soils – columnar. The material used for foundations in situ concrete, concrete blocks, clay brick, iron ore, etc. In order for the foundation last longer without breaking, it is necessary to seal the. Usually used for this purpose bitumen emulsion and special protective mastic (Giperdesmo "," Rabberfleks "," Stromiks ", etc.). In addition to waterproofing, as a rule, make insulation, which is logical: the heat loss through the foundation can reach 15-20%. Formerly widely used for insulation foam, today no less popular with extruded polystyrene (Styrofoam, Penopleks, Styrodur, etc.) – both are indifferent to the material to absorb moisture and biodegradable.

Traditionally it was thought that the wall made of homogeneous material, it is safer than a multi-layered. However, the durability of the material of homogeneous structure decreases with time. In addition, today's building codes (SNIP 23-02.2003) establish a number of stringent requirements for durability, noise and heat insulation of buildings, and experts say that to achieve compliance, if the house walls are made of the same material, almost unreal. World practice demonstrated that the benefits of multi-wall structures are greater durability and less weight to the building.

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Russia Construction

That is why wooden houses all over the world are the most expensive and prestigious. Today in wooden construction used mainly four well-known architectural and construction systems: building construction made of logs, bar, frame and panel construction. In Russia, the most traditional is the construction of houses made of logs (OTSB). For construction is usually used pine or hardwood tree. Most prized timber from northern latitudes, where the tree grows only 3-4 months, very slowly, reaching the age of 100-150 years. This provides an extraordinary strength and density of construction material and natural resin protects the wood from rot and reduces its thermal conductivity. The walls are made of this material hold heat in two times better than a brick wall the same thickness. otsb advantage of when building a house is a smooth, round shape, allows to achieve a tight connection logs.

Identical in length logs, first grind to a diameter of 18-32 cm (the most popular – 28 cm), cut out the necessary grooves for fixing holes for windows and doors. Then the house collect, as a designer. Wall necessarily cover special breathable varnish to provide protection from environmental influences. This avoids the extra costs of repair and decoration of the walls – yet another plus in favor of otsd. The undoubted downside is the price of a house built of logs. It is unlikely that it will be cheaper than a brick (Price per square meter in the new wooden house ranges from 25 to 45 thousand rubles.), And time for construction itself will take much longer (only for shrinkage take a year and a half).

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Upholstery Work

Upholstery work must be performed in accordance with the approved samples. Acceptance is made only after the complete drying of surfaces covered with shrink or pasted linkrusta. Quality upholstery work should meet the following requirements: the laminated surfaces should not be bubbles and blemishes, and all banners must have the same color and shade; fit the figure at the joints must be accurate; omissions and delamination not allowed; joints wallpaper with label their butt should not be visible at a distance of 3 m, with Wallcovering lap cloth edge should be facing towards the light (towards the windows); distortions, shriveled, looseness adjacency to the base (in places wallpaper contiguity to the slope of openings) are not permitted; edge glued wallpaper should be vertical; gluing wallpaper edges of the casings and baseboards are not allowed. Table. 44 listed ways to eliminate defects in upholstery work. Measurement made of upholstery work is performed on the surface is actually covered with a net area of door and window openings. table 44. methods of elimination of defects wallpaper works The cause of the defect Remedy Full or partial peeling wallpaper near the eaves Covering surfaces previously painted water-Kohler, too rapid drying out wallpapers from drafts or excessive furnace; weak thick paste with wallpaper wallpaper Perekleit Bubbles and wrinkles Slow drying: a strong paste with thin wallpaper; negligent smoothing Cut bubbles and wallpaper glue the inclined blades work without Plumb Perekleit curvilinearity figure Negligence in fitting the picture when gluing wallpaper – Thick seam pasting the old wallpaper without pre-cleaning welds; pasting overlap with dense wallpaper – Threads seams pasting overlap wallpaper was made for light – Pollution wallpaper, filled with edge glue seeping through the wallpaper in Negligence; smearing hot wallpaper paste – wallpaper Gaps in the corners of the walls by gluing the whole angle cloth without cutting it with an allowance of 2-3 cm right corner okleit lag wallpaper from casings and baseboards Places in casings and baseboards before Wallcovering not grease Grease and flour paste glue Germination color underlying Wallpaper Application of low-quality aniline dyes in the manufacture of wallpaper Remove old wallpaper glue paper and wallpaper paste over again solid blotches under the wallpaper glue or contaminated Clean the surface of solid particles and perekleit negligence in cutting edge Perekleit Wallpaper Ripped

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Home Heating Devices

Therefore, in such systems can be used safely only heavy and unsightly cast iron radiators, which are particularly resistant to extremes of temperature and oxygen. On a modern and efficient heating devices have to forget. The most common are systems with a circulating pump can use a pipe with a smaller cross section, and therefore, ultimately prove to be more "economical". In addition, as a rule, they closed, that is, they use the diaphragm expansion tanks in which the coolant is not contact with atmospheric air. This allows the diversity of modern space heaters – bimetal and aluminum radiators, steel panel and tubular heaters, finally, design radiators. However, and here the problem of dissolved oxygen and corrosion does not cease to be relevant.

If, on domestic regulations, the oxygen content in the coolant should be no more than 0,02 g / l, in practice and in the central systems, and autonomous (with intensive feeding of) this value is ten to twenty times more. It is therefore reasonable to use modern, corrosion-resistant pipes, for example, such as tubular steel radiator Charleston Pro (Development Zehnder) with a special internal anti-corrosion coating. "Pitfalls" Mounting As previously mentioned, assembly defects are manifested at once. Often "in place" they are difficult to observe even for an expert. Shortcomings declare themselves in the worst possible moment – during the heating season. They appear usually leak coolant and reducing power of the system, because of what housing does not get the right amount of heat. Major errors installers, for which then pays the customer, are fairly typical.

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Key Aspects Of The Choice Of Builders .

Conceived to renovate the house – it is right. The house of every person – it is his castle, where you want to come after a busy day, relax in a comfortable chair watching television or convene a provocative company of relatives. Comfortable and elegant accommodation – it's a matter of pride owner of housing and make the guests. I think that some will argue and argue that the building – an impossible and very costly. Of course, in most cases this is true, but nowadays there are many technical developments that will help you in the implementation of construction, and the mountain of information available in the global network will give a lot of instructions and manuals.

In most cases, repair of apartments more natural to entrust the professionals. For example, it is unlikely you by virtue of their own hands to realize the unique design of the architect is best to hire a team of workers. But this issue should come fairly responsibly. Main – is to sustain the right decision – not to chase the cheap, and remember as, for repairs, we generally conceive every day. Nowadays the market is huge a variety of companies that provide services of this kind. Experienced people recommend to consult on his project in a few such firms to choose and after a suitable offer. It is also an excellent option may become recommendation to hire those or other builders from friends or relatives who have been employees of the organization. Still not too lazy to find online recommendations of former clients, usually on a case- portals today to realize this is quite simple.

Also, experts can help you prepare an individual design of flats in any style. Nowadays it is quite modern, easy pasting wallpaper and molding a simple tile long ago in the past. Individual and diverse development – it's sparkle at home. This question is of course a lot depends on personal desires and the imagination – whether you want an apartment in the French style, or something modern of minimalism – you decide. Proven designer necessarily has a large portfolio of which it is easy to pick up some already implemented the idea. Also worth noting is the construction of town houses, there is no support the proven team of workers can not do. Useful for interior designers, painters and carpenters. All of these forces under the guidance of strength in the set time frame to build your project conceived without the expense and alterations.

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