The first series to spread from the basement fireplace or brick rubble dry. Stone or gravel vtrambovyvayut into the ground, and then pour a liquid solution. Next are laying in regular rows, respecting ligation joints. To prevent moisture penetration into masonry chimney on top of the basement, no less than 150 mm above the ground, make a layer of two layers of roofing, then perform the masonry fireplace. Housing fireplace often spread of refractory or high-quality red bricks. Housing fireplace is constructed of refractory bricks or red bricks of high quality – in this case, the firebox is better oblitsevat firebrick. Brick walls shall have a thickness of no less than a half-brick.
For building housing the fireplace, you can also use ceramic blocks, heat-resistant concrete or natural stone (except limestone and silica), depending on the the interior of your home, usually under fire adaptable interior room. "Facade," fireplaces can simply be plastered or oblitsevat precious stones. For building housing the fireplace, you can also use the natural stone (except limestone and silica), ceramic components, refractory concrete. Housing surface veneer precious stones or plaster. You will also need to build the firebox. Its depth is recommended take about 0.5 m. At greater depths weakens the power of thermal radiation, at least – perhaps getting smoke in the room. To achieve the best radiant heat the upper part of the back wall with some spread tilt forward and the side walls – with an extension towards the hole. The walls of his most often spread from fireclay refractory bricks, the efficiency of the fireplace reaches 17%.