Tag: construction and repair

Construction Terminology

Yugoslavs and Finns were building in Russia before 1991. However, the first outbreak of vacancies for technical specialists with knowledge of the language from eminent foreign builders were seen in 1996, when the economy is more stable. Increasingly active foreign firms exhibit since 2000. Its contractors for a number of construction works have attracted retailers such as Auchan. Rapport with the local professionals and the elimination of language barriers was a necessary condition for foreigners working in Moscow.

For representatives of construction firms from Germany, France, Italy, Turkey and other countries knowledge of English, as a rule, No problem. The industry has recognized its international foreigners. And for our experts a good level of English proficiency – while uncommon. Of course, in small projects can overcome the language barrier with the help of interpreters. But, if the employer is ready for large-scale construction, for its tranquility, he hires a team of English speaking in Moscow specialists. Those who are always ready, without intermediaries to discuss with the foreign party all details of the project.

Architectural translation difficulties about that local experts will be in demand by foreign employers, it became clear in 2004, after numerous visits, which are committed in Moscow eminent foreign architects. Thus, according to the president of the Union of Builders of the northern lands of Germany, Wolfgang Bayer, amid downturn in the markets of Europe Russian dynamic building complex was attracted much attention of foreign companies and enterprises. However, foreign talent, to persuade the authorities whether their ideas have faced administrative barriers.

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Electrical Work In A Wooden House

Construction of wooden houses with each passing year becomes more and more popular. This explains many of the properties of wood: eco-friendly material, wooden house 'breathes', the cost of works is much lower than during the construction brick, durability of construction is achieved by special treatment of building materials, heating a home more economical. Electrification of the wooden house, a cottage requires good knowledge of all rules and regulations wiring. Electrical work in wood, a country house should be carried out by highly qualified, certified electrician. The firm, which produces electricity wooden, cottage house must have permit documents to carry out electrical works. All electrical work in a wooden house should be approached with great care.

Wall material, on which the wiring, belongs to the category of flammable structures. A prerequisite for any building – assembling circuit grounding. Automation is also a choice of protection can not be ignored (use high quality machines, ouzo, Differential automata). Literate distribution of loads that feed (off) lines from the electric panel – one of the conditions for failure of electrical wiring. If the theater begins with a hanger, then the power of an object begins with a cable electrical input. Connect the electricity from the post in two ways: by air or underground cable entry gland. Which way to the electricity in the house everyone decides for himself. As with any object, wiring in a wooden house, the cottage is of two kinds. This is an open electrical wiring and concealed wiring.

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Ventilation Ducts

First Master determines how much you can reduce this type of ventilation ducts (duct) in height and width. The spirit level is counting boxes duct. Then makes an incision in the outer wall of the ventilation duct air duct, followed by dismantling. Exactly the same operation and doing is the inner part. Then installed divider (usually from a dense cardboard) for the passage of air flow and the rest of the ventilation duct be filled with osb (which In our opinion the best stuff), the gcr or foam blocks (material cost is usually included in the cost of works). After completion, the wizard must check for ventilation.

Some advice for the customer reduce the ventilation duct in the kitchen: Before the advent of the master must close the film all the kitchen furniture and utensils clean – the dust will be a lot even if you use an industrial vacuum cleaner, as practice shows -Sense from this virtually nothing. Although some "experts" offer such a service, while increasing costs. The average price for reducing duct in the Moscow region: gipsolitovogo duct 8.12 t.r. (In Depending on the type) to reduce the cost of the concrete duct 12-14 tr. If the price is less-is to think about the qualifications of those "masters". 2.Vtoroy when you want to restore previously reduced airway – a sale, or privatization of apartments at registration certificate from the bti. Three – four years ago with the staff of this organization has as one might have to agree, at the end of 2009, th, due to tighter construction and maintenance rules and regulations, it has become virtually impossible (well hypothetically possible, but it is cheaper to pay for reconstruction).

Restoration of the duct (a duct) is not going to have a kitchen this scheme, only on the contrary, including some details: in the first case, when the ventilation is completely disrupted and restoration should be done under the order, the first thing you want to restore ventilation usually is done by corrugated, flexible pipes, tubes and foam blocks 50 mm thick, which are identical to the thickness of the walls the rest of the duct. Restoration of the duct pazogrebnivymi plates (recovery which offers some so-called 'builders') is unacceptable as ventilation shaft! The cost of restoring the duct with a partially or fully impaired ventilation in the Moscow region is 9 – 14 tr, with a cost material. If ventilation is not broken, and restore a duct should be before the arrival of the employee bti, it fits the so-called "fake version, this is where to place a smaller part of the duct exposed guides and lists attached to them osb. The cost of such restoration tr 10/12 Once again, I would like to remind you: in the Moscow region, professionally reduction and restoration of ventilation ducts takes 3-4 firms, and despite on the crisis held a fairly high price for their work, if you will be offered to reduce or repair the duct at a lower price is reason to doubt the qualifications of these "masters".

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Apartment Repairs

1. Repair of apartments and low-quality screed floors. Carefully examine the floor. Check the level of deviations, if any defects – will have to make the alignment of the sexes in the framework of repairing your kvartiry.Dalee look into screed – If you saw the cracks – prostuchite them with a hammer. If you hear a ringing sound, then this is definitely a marriage builders. Such defects are eliminated by repairing ties.

And now a very important point – when repairing ties do not violate proportion screed, otherwise you are waiting again, cracks and chips. And if you decide to leave the floor is uneven and with defects, you should know that when you put the floor – it will "walk" with Your rough screed. Yes, and furniture on the floor this will be crooked. 2. Repair apartments and defects in the ceiling. If you do a repair of apartments St Petersburg with his own hands, you should be aware that any ceiling in the new building has bumps – you do not even need to measure its level, uneven ceiling – the eternal problem of new buildings. If you reject the ceiling is about 2-3 inches – not terrible, the problem is solved by applying a plaster mixture in several layers. If difference is greater – the situation will save installation ceilings.

3. Repair apartments and defects of the walls. Measure the wall level. If the deviation will be small – the solution of the problem will mortar in several layers. If the difference is greater, aligning the walls of beacons. With this method of equalizing the plaster mixture will be minimal, and the walls are smooth. Performing the repair of apartments St Petersburg, it is important to remember that Smooth Wall guarantee of quality Wallpapering. 4. Repair of apartments and low-quality set-ups. Typically, when installing windows, builders use a cheaper and therefore less quality assembly foam. Therefore, making the renovation of apartments Petersburg, check the box for tightness. If you feel that blows out the window – will be removed and this lack, if you certainly do not want to freeze in winter. 5. Furnish of apartments and substandard plumbing. Also pay attention to the quality of plumbing appliances, as well as the layout of pipes. Advise immediately make routing of water pipes, metal-or polypropylene. Remember that the neighbors below you certainly do repair apartments St Petersburg, and they really do not want to lose your beautiful repairs due to break your pipes. We describe the key points that are worth attention. And then you will find finishing furnish apartments – laying flooring, wall paper wall wallpaper and other works that also require special attention to your apartment renovation was quality!

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We Buy Only The Good Elements Of Wiring !

With each subsequent year, the recommendation to fire houses, in general, and to the accommodation separately, are increasingly becoming more severe. This is due primarily to the showgirl, which itself exists in our country, specifically on the indicators that the number of deaths of our compatriots in the fires, remains very large. The list of mandatory requirements for fire fighting of any specific premises, there are standards for electrical wiring, and in particular to form connections in junction boxes. Say, for instance, if still quite recently was allowed to perform the cable connections to junction boxes option twisting them, then certainly under current conditions, such kind of installation in any case prohibited. Thus, one possible option for secure connection cable wiring in practice is connection with special terminals.

Naturally, these terminals must comply fully with Gosstandart, and to be a standard pattern. Definitely it is considered as such terminals wago, a fully satisfying existing fire protection requirements. At the moment there wago terminals in a different form, designed for all sorts of stress. In addition to this are also itself to the telephone wire, and mount appropriate surveillance systems and burglar alarms. In fully to mention that in addition to wiring connections in order to protect any building from a short circuit in electrical networks, required to mount robust and in addition to load the appropriate sockets and switches. Much to our regret, it should be noted that, in general, at the present time in the markets of our country, a large number of available low-quality outlets and switches, and moreover, that in real life is quite capable of becoming the main cause of a fire.

To protect yourself personally and in addition to private property from fire, should not buy too cheap low-quality products of dubious manufacture. Perfect example is quite capable considered Legrand sockets and switches valena legrand, which, in reality, actually be the best ratio of price and quality. In addition to this we must also note that valena legrand outlet in reality will be quality products, collected from environmentally friendly materials, and have a decent use of the term. Each system circuits can not be performed without protection devices against overload and short circuit, and because they at least can actually cause a fire wiring and thus a fire in the room. Among the conditions imposed on such devices should be mentioned that the technical reliability and capabilities with those on the housing options. At present, such protection device is available to advise highly reliable machines abb. Manufactured by the manufacturer of circuit breaker abb fully meets state standards. And definitely thanks to a wide a range Along with a variety of characteristics, such as the rated current, rated breaking capacity and the addition and a large range of cross connected wires, provide the opportunity to put them in any electricity supply itself as individual apartments or private houses, just and enterprises operating equipment with an impressive power.

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Metal Pipes

– What, you put metal pipes? Darling, you really mad? – Yes everything is normal – Plastic should be put, plate-and-a-stick! Vitaly, the piece of iron – the last century, and-at-y, wake up, the new millennium in the yard – Yeah okay whatever I say – Would be better if she was doing repairs, I swear Suspended ceilings, won without you ordered, and brought it, and made, and all neatly, and you all apartment prodymish welding, then paint the pipes, but they rust and look like black Negro feet on the toilet raskoryacheny And you're bending them as going to the radiator in the kitchen take? Huh? On his head is that it knock? Hello, man, you're listening to me or not – Irishev, calm down, do everything at its best. I put wrench, sat on the floor toilet, with pleasure stretched his stiff legs, and gasped, prepared to give a lecture "a young novice about the benefits of education." – You wonder why such a new, progressive material, as plastic, is not widely used in high-rise construction up to now? Not only in Russia, incidentally, in Germany itself – Then I made a pointedly-admired person and reproachful shake rag, which was wiping his hands – So, in Germany itself plastic pipe not more than 10% of the total number of laid pipelines. Yes, water and gas steel pipes less than life, guaranteed to 10-20 years, yes, them harder to mount

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Strengthening the Foundations

Strengthening the foundations – the most laborious process in the repair of any buildings. Selecting the way to strengthen the foundations in the first place depends on the reasons causing it. The destruction of the basement around the perimeter. With this form of destruction along the tape or on the perimeter of pier foundation digging a trench. Surface of the foundation and walls thoroughly cleaned of dirt and old plaster, and then in the design of foundations clog metal net, which, referring to a dis-tance attaches to the anchors, released from foundations and plinth of the wall. Install formwork and concreted. After curing the concrete trench to sleep with a careful layer by layer plugging.

Replacing destroyed part of the foundation. In this case, suit new and additional areas on the sides of foundation, formed in the form of masonry, stone, getting the clutch to the desired width and providing a link between old and new masonry. Foundation base is not deepened. Strengthening areas of foundations. foundations made of rubble, rubble concrete, reinforced concrete, soil-concrete and other materials satisfied with reinforced concrete broadened the clip, which closely relate to the existing masonry through anchored so as to re-made parts "worked" together with the old part of the foundation and transmit the load on the ground. Increasing the bearing capacity of the base stations. If necessary, along the weak, requiring the discharge of foundations on both sides spread a new, for which load from the overlying the building is transmitted through concrete or metal beams passing through the mounting part. Newly laid the foundations of cross-cutting anchor anchors to existing foundations for a joint "work" the old and new foundations.

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Russia Construction

That is why wooden houses all over the world are the most expensive and prestigious. Today in wooden construction used mainly four well-known architectural and construction systems: building construction made of logs, bar, frame and panel construction. In Russia, the most traditional is the construction of houses made of logs (OTSB). For construction is usually used pine or hardwood tree. Most prized timber from northern latitudes, where the tree grows only 3-4 months, very slowly, reaching the age of 100-150 years. This provides an extraordinary strength and density of construction material and natural resin protects the wood from rot and reduces its thermal conductivity. The walls are made of this material hold heat in two times better than a brick wall the same thickness. otsb advantage of when building a house is a smooth, round shape, allows to achieve a tight connection logs.

Identical in length logs, first grind to a diameter of 18-32 cm (the most popular – 28 cm), cut out the necessary grooves for fixing holes for windows and doors. Then the house collect, as a designer. Wall necessarily cover special breathable varnish to provide protection from environmental influences. This avoids the extra costs of repair and decoration of the walls – yet another plus in favor of otsd. The undoubted downside is the price of a house built of logs. It is unlikely that it will be cheaper than a brick (Price per square meter in the new wooden house ranges from 25 to 45 thousand rubles.), And time for construction itself will take much longer (only for shrinkage take a year and a half).

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Upholstery Work

Upholstery work must be performed in accordance with the approved samples. Acceptance is made only after the complete drying of surfaces covered with shrink or pasted linkrusta. Quality upholstery work should meet the following requirements: the laminated surfaces should not be bubbles and blemishes, and all banners must have the same color and shade; fit the figure at the joints must be accurate; omissions and delamination not allowed; joints wallpaper with label their butt should not be visible at a distance of 3 m, with Wallcovering lap cloth edge should be facing towards the light (towards the windows); distortions, shriveled, looseness adjacency to the base (in places wallpaper contiguity to the slope of openings) are not permitted; edge glued wallpaper should be vertical; gluing wallpaper edges of the casings and baseboards are not allowed. Table. 44 listed ways to eliminate defects in upholstery work. Measurement made of upholstery work is performed on the surface is actually covered with a net area of door and window openings. table 44. methods of elimination of defects wallpaper works The cause of the defect Remedy Full or partial peeling wallpaper near the eaves Covering surfaces previously painted water-Kohler, too rapid drying out wallpapers from drafts or excessive furnace; weak thick paste with wallpaper wallpaper Perekleit Bubbles and wrinkles Slow drying: a strong paste with thin wallpaper; negligent smoothing Cut bubbles and wallpaper glue the inclined blades work without Plumb Perekleit curvilinearity figure Negligence in fitting the picture when gluing wallpaper – Thick seam pasting the old wallpaper without pre-cleaning welds; pasting overlap with dense wallpaper – Threads seams pasting overlap wallpaper was made for light – Pollution wallpaper, filled with edge glue seeping through the wallpaper in Negligence; smearing hot wallpaper paste – wallpaper Gaps in the corners of the walls by gluing the whole angle cloth without cutting it with an allowance of 2-3 cm right corner okleit lag wallpaper from casings and baseboards Places in casings and baseboards before Wallcovering not grease Grease and flour paste glue Germination color underlying Wallpaper Application of low-quality aniline dyes in the manufacture of wallpaper Remove old wallpaper glue paper and wallpaper paste over again solid blotches under the wallpaper glue or contaminated Clean the surface of solid particles and perekleit negligence in cutting edge Perekleit Wallpaper Ripped

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Home Heating Devices

Therefore, in such systems can be used safely only heavy and unsightly cast iron radiators, which are particularly resistant to extremes of temperature and oxygen. On a modern and efficient heating devices have to forget. The most common are systems with a circulating pump can use a pipe with a smaller cross section, and therefore, ultimately prove to be more "economical". In addition, as a rule, they closed, that is, they use the diaphragm expansion tanks in which the coolant is not contact with atmospheric air. This allows the diversity of modern space heaters – bimetal and aluminum radiators, steel panel and tubular heaters, finally, design radiators. However, and here the problem of dissolved oxygen and corrosion does not cease to be relevant.

If, on domestic regulations, the oxygen content in the coolant should be no more than 0,02 g / l, in practice and in the central systems, and autonomous (with intensive feeding of) this value is ten to twenty times more. It is therefore reasonable to use modern, corrosion-resistant pipes, for example, such as tubular steel radiator Charleston Pro (Development Zehnder) with a special internal anti-corrosion coating. "Pitfalls" Mounting As previously mentioned, assembly defects are manifested at once. Often "in place" they are difficult to observe even for an expert. Shortcomings declare themselves in the worst possible moment – during the heating season. They appear usually leak coolant and reducing power of the system, because of what housing does not get the right amount of heat. Major errors installers, for which then pays the customer, are fairly typical.

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