Tag: materials

Bathroom/Kitchen Tiles

Water absorption – a measure of how much moisture can soak up the ceramic tile. The general pattern is as follows: the more time the higher the water absorption. Water absorption defines many technical and performance of ceramic tile, and therefore is classifying property. Optimum water absorption of ceramic tiles should be a maximum of 16%.

Tile with water absorption less than 3% is considered frost. Applied to glazed tiles water absorption value applies only to the basics, but not the glaze. The most dense jets with the lowest water absorption – a porcelain tile, water absorption is not exceed 0,5%. Behind him are some of the clinker. On the contrary, the porous structure easily absorbs water, which seeps into the underlying layer and is collected in the seams. At low temperatures the water freezes and expands, resulting in the cladding creates strong tension, contributing to its destruction.

That is why the tile with a porous structure is not recommended for exterior cladding and facing rooms with high humidity. Frost resistance – a characteristic which is responsible for the ability of ceramics to withstand repeated alternate freezing and thawing without signs of decay. Indicator of frost resistance – the number of cycles (freezing / thawing), which maintains the sample is not destroyed. To establish the presence or absence of frost will be sufficient 25 cycles of freezing / thawing. Durability (abrasion) – resistance to tile change in appearance, that is, its resistance to abrasion. This is one of the main characteristics of the tiles, because it is from her depends how long it will retain its original appearance.

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The Center

In modern architecture favored elegance, the use of simple geometric patterns, which rhythmically shared surface, but do not contribute at this dissonance and do not scatter the attention. We comment on the impression they make on others. Surface gives the impression of calm and visually seem larger. Dark frame, differs slightly from the edge, reduces the wall tiles. Double dark frame animates the surface and directs a look at its central portion.

Rhythmically repetitive decorative element around the surface of several softens the contour, especially when pronounced color contrast between the tiles on the edge and inside lining. Regularly spaced dark tiles inside the dark frame enliven the surface. Rhythmically repetitive decorative elements “break” the visual surface. Decorative separation surfaces visually expand it in the ‘horizontal direction. Rhythmically repetitive a decorative element at the top and bottom of the frame visually expands the surface in a horizontal direction. The central oblong box, framed in a darker color and visually enhances the surface and lowers its altitude. The vertical arrangement of rhythmically repetitive decorative elements gives the impression that the surface is higher than in reality. Bright and relatively narrow framing limits surface on both sides.

Circle in the center of the same color as the framing, focusing on his main focus. Facing ceramic tiles attached to a finished surface with cement mortar, different adhesives and screws to the wooden plug or plugs when using large-size ceramic plates. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages, they will be discussed below. Glazed ceramic tiles for internal wall lining. These tiles are used primarily in those places, where appropriate, for example, for lining bathrooms, showers, toilets, kitchen units, space around the washbasin and everywhere which water may enter and where it is often necessary to clean and wash the surface. Glaze on tiles is practical, on the surface do not stay pollution, and contributes to its strength durability of the tiles. When lining the walls of premises should consider the following. The height of the cladding should be made either in accordance with the height of doorways or windows, or coat only the most needed places. For example, if the last row of tiles tiles “in favor of a door jamb at least half the size of tiles, it significantly reduces the aesthetic quality of veneer. In the same room, for example in a kitchen or bathroom, facing tiles should not be, or colored. Aesthetic qualities facing down as if it is made of tiles of the same type but of different sizes. If one of the walls, any equipment, it is best not to break revetments, and entire wall without gaps. It must be remembered also that if you are in the bathroom wall full height, the water vapor, which in the presence of lime plaster soaks into it and then re- vaporized will condense on the walls and flow down to the floor. On this particular coating, that is the inability to absorb condensation of moisture, should not be forgotten.

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Modern Housing

Cosy atmosphere in the house, the smell of wood, soft wood matt Although the current market offers a lot of quality and affordable decorative materials, natural wood and its products remain the most favorable in many respects material. Whatever, nice interior itself is not surrounded by modern man, he still instinctively reaches closer to nature. Particularly appropriate interior of the tree country houses, cottages and country houses. Simple at first glance lining of lime or pine can give home eye ease and comfort. Lining and block-house, is not difficult to install and does not elaborate on the form, if properly application perfectly suited to enhance the walls of a city apartment, recalling the boards of the old house. Some defects of the tree on the canvas walls, in the form of knots, uneven color and roughness only give a special flavor and naturalness of the surroundings.

Previously, it was decided to paint the walls in wood paints and varnishes. Of course, you can paint the walls of the lining, such as varnish. However, the better to preserve the natural warm and vibrant color of the wood. K Moreover, raw lacquer wood into the air volatiles – volatile, which purify the air from pathogens and give it a subtle scent of a living tree. The walls of the lining in today's domeYantarnye shades of wood in the finishing room to relax, hallway, balcony or corridor, quiet patterns on its surface is perfectly calm the nervous system and are beneficial to health. The walls are covered clapboard wood perfectly quenched with acoustic vibrations by absorbing the noise. Wood retains heat well.

Using a block Hausa and Lining along with skirting of wood, use Reiki and other molded products give limitless possibilities in interior design living rooms and buildings. Beautiful and sophisticated look at the background wall of trees of various forged products – furniture. Well together – wood, steel, wood and natural fabric, plastic and other synthetic materials can be successfully combined with proper selection of shapes and colors. A modern appliances on the background wall collected from the block-house or combined Lining great in spite of the apparent incompatibility. Wood is always a place in a comfortable and prosperous home. If your intention is to make repairs, alterations to his apartment building a vacation home, take a look closer to the finishing materials of wood. In what place a person lives, breathes, and what he sees around him, is not the last value for their health, emotional comfort and quality of life.

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Hosts Housing Department

Usually performed under heated floor tiles tiled because apartment owners a tile is always associated with coolness. Connect with other leaders such as Professor Rita McGrath here. However, glazed tiles is a good heat conductor, and therefore easily and significant losses can transfer heat. To create a system of floor heating are not well suited wood and carpets, because the heating element could cause corrosion and drying floor. Naturally, a heated floor – it's interesting current and skillful invention being implemented using different technologies, the client also chooses the most suitable one. Underfloor heating on a water-based is based on the passage of hot water from the system of central and local heating.

The structure of the floor neatly stacked channels and poured cement, tiles laid on top. In a single heating system used on the water floor heating is practically impossible, since broken integrated heating system, in addition, for interrupting the water floor heating also stops working. This system requires careful installation to avoid leaks. Electric floor heating is very prevalent, principle of its operation is based on a special padded by a heating cable, which is the current through the switchgear. Heating cable is similar to normal, but it does not transmit an electric current, and converts it into heat energy. As a general rule, any electric cable produces heat when current flows, however, professionals are trying to reduce losses in this case, however, completely solved the inverse problem, the whole Power should be aimed at extracting heat. Heating element is made of cable technology and is the heating sections, and floor mats. If you care about your health, as well as friends, choose nice warm floor that will give warmth for many years. At the foot of the legs is the low temperature relative to the whole body, but because they want to keep in warmth. Quite often in the winter's immune system weakens the townspeople, however, heated floor will provide an opportunity to protect themselves from cold.

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Rubble

Rubble – this material is obtained as a consequence of crushing rock. Get his career by the explosion of rock, which is then crushed into rubble. The most widely used and is a granite rubble. Get crushed and the crushing of boulders and gravel. Fraction of rubble – the average size of the grain.

According to these characteristics, the grain size is the separation of gravel into fractions by sieving. The smaller faction of rubble per unit volume – such as cubic meters of rubble more fines will be harder than cubic meters large, respectively, a ton of rubble various factions will have a different volume, it is very important when you deliver rubble. Density of gravel is measured – the average state standard of 2 to 3 g/cm3 for. Secondary gravel (the product of crushing various materials from brick to concrete and asphalt) has a higher density. Granite rubble. For concrete-construction works, the manufacture of concrete products, landscaping, installation of drainage, leveling monolithic fillings.

Crushed granite is obtained by crushing a granite rock. In the pits when mining granite, first with blocks separated by explosion rocks and then crushed in a crushing machine, and finally sieved and separated into fractions rubble. Fraction of rubble, less is more expensive (more than the cost of fragmentation). Frost resistance of the granitic Drizzle the number of cycles of freezing and thawing, at which the material loses its properties. Frost resistance of gravel is permitted to estimate the number of cycles of a saturated solution of sodium sulfate, followed by drying. Crushed granite also divided into grades by frost. Crushed gravel .Graviyny obtained by sieving rock quarry, and also in the process of crushing natural rock cliffs. Gravel crushed granite inferior in strength, but has less radioactivity and price. Crushed gravel used for foundation works, concrete production, in the manufacture of concrete products, while laying and road building. Limestone. Calcareous (limestone or dolomite) is the main rubble of all natural stone materials used in road construction. It is used both independently and with other materials, as well as a component in asphalt, cement and concrete. Crushed lime for the repair and maintenance of highways is a major component, and protects the wear layer, which provides the desired surface roughness pavement. It turns crushed limestone (dolomite or limestone) from limestone by crushing, followed by chemical treatment of the material obtained. Since the material is fragile limestone, crushed stone derived from it has the brand strength is not high (400 to 800)

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Building Fences Corrugated Steel Sheeting Protection

One of the most significant problems of the inhabitants of modern cities is a huge noise and hubbub. Still suffering from the noise, not only those who live in concrete beds, and along with those whose houses are located close to popular highway, in satellite towns, or just a cottage village, located in substantial proximity to the highway. In order to get rid of the ubiquitous noise and uproar, the best solution – it soundproof fence of corrugated steel sheeting. This solution makes it possible to considerably reduce the noise from cars going by rail or anything of a vehicle, in effect, and in general to protect from living nearby who behave too loud. Plots, which are in close proximity to the highway, as a rule will cost a lot less expensive than those which are placed in a considerable distance. The main reason for lowering the cost – is directly a high level of noise.

And since the majority of metropolitan residents are moving out of the city in search of serenity and rest, and advertisements type construct acoustic fences cottage residents give much more attention. Installing the fence of sound-absorbing blocks gives an opportunity to achieve a truly full-fledged environment for life. You wish make your home more enjoyable and comfortable, despite the fact that he is quite close to the highway? Accordingly, a sound security you absolutely must. You are elementary physical feel, to what extent a comfortable and pleasant to be your home when it is no longer heard non-stop noise and hubbub. And yet, for suburban housing is not just burning insulation, and in addition, and in general a strong boom.

It will save your house, not only from the noise and uproar, but also against intruders – as individuals, to the same extent and animals. And if you can say, for example, produce fences, of course, it will be interesting suggestion. Topics more, if there is a wide range of different options for decorating the fence. After all, any fence must be equally not only reliable but also aesthetic. And even if you are ordering a special security fence topped with barbed wire on top for the confirmation of safety, he must necessarily look to the overall solidly. Only the most modern building materials, which are allocated a high Q factor and on the solidity, the current currently prefer to landlords for private holiday homes and land. These fences will provide the latest in your area significantly reduced noise level, good-looking outer appearance and reliable safety of unlawful entry. Try to make wise choices!

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